Press Release

Acacia Communications Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Results

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MAYNARD, Mass., Feb. 22, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Acacia Communications, Inc. (NASDAQ:ACIA), a leading provider of high-speed coherent optical interconnect products, today reported financial results for its fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2017.

“While we continue to face some headwinds in the market, our fourth quarter 2017 results were in-line with our expectations," said Raj Shanmugaraj, President and Chief Executive Officer of Acacia Communications. “Our team at Acacia continued to execute well on new product introductions and on our ongoing customer diversification efforts. We are pleased with our product roadmap and believe we are well positioned to take advantage of market opportunities as conditions improve.” 

“In the fourth quarter of 2017, we were able to increase our gross margins and cash balance on a quarter over quarter basis -- demonstrating the strength of our leveraged business model,” said John Gavin, Chief Financial Officer of Acacia Communications. “While we are projecting first quarter 2018 revenue to be down sequentially, like others in our industry, we see signs of improving market conditions in 2018, although we continue to remain cautious.”

Results for the Fourth Quarter of 2017

  • Revenue of $86.6 million, decreased 39.2% year-over-year
  • GAAP gross margin of 46.2%; non-GAAP gross margin* of 44.5%
  • GAAP income from operations of $4.9 million; non-GAAP income from operations* of $9.2 million
  • GAAP net loss of $20.4 million; non-GAAP net income* of $11.1 million
  • EBITDA* of $8.0 million; adjusted EBITDA* of $12.3 million
  • GAAP diluted loss per share of $0.52; non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $0.27

Results for the Full Year 2017

  • Revenue of $385.2 million, decreased 19.5% year-over-year
  • GAAP gross margin of 43.6%; non-GAAP gross margin* of 45.4%
  • GAAP income from operations of $37.1 million; non-GAAP income from operations* of $65.5 million
  • GAAP net income of $38.5 million; non-GAAP net income* of $73.1 million
  • EBITDA* of $49.2 million; adjusted EBITDA* of $77.7 million
  • GAAP diluted EPS of $0.92; non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $1.75

Outlook for the First Quarter of 2018

The following statements are based on current expectations. These statements are forward-looking and actual results may differ materially, as a result of, among other things, the important factors discussed at the end of this press release. Acacia Communications disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

Acacia Communications’ guidance for its first quarter ending March 31, 2018 is:

Quarter Ending March 31, 2018            
Revenue (millions)   $67.0   to   $74.0
Non-GAAP Net Income* (millions)   $0.3   to   $4.3
Non-GAAP Diluted EPS*   $0.01   to   $0.10

*Non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP income from operations, non-GAAP net income, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and non-GAAP diluted EPS are non-GAAP financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).  Please refer below to Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information for descriptions of these non-GAAP financial measures and to the Reconciliation of GAAP Measures to Non-GAAP Measures, attached as Schedule D, for reconciliations of the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures to these non-GAAP financial measures.

Acacia Communications has not reconciled the above first quarter 2018 guidance for GAAP net income and GAAP diluted EPS to non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted EPS, respectively, because the expected tax benefits derived from any employee equity awards during the first quarter of 2018 cannot be reasonably calculated or predicted at this time. Accordingly, a reconciliation is not available without unreasonable effort.

Conference Call

Acacia Communications will host a conference call to discuss its results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2017, recent developments and the Company’s business outlook and strategy at 5 p.m. Eastern Time today. The live webcast of the call, along with the Company’s earnings press release, can be accessed at the Acacia Communications’ Investor Relations website at http://ir.acacia-inc.com. The U.S. dial-in for the call is 1-877-407-8293 (1-201-689-8349 for non-U.S. callers). Please ask to be joined to the Acacia Communications call. A replay of the conference call will be available until March 8, 2018, at 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, while an archived version of the webcast will be available on the Acacia Communications’ Investor Relations website for 90 days. The U.S. dial-in for the conference call replay is 1-877-660-6853 (1-201-612-7415 for non-U.S. callers). The replay access code is 13675242.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information

This press release includes non-GAAP financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with, nor an alternative to, generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures are not based on any standardized methodology prescribed by GAAP and are not necessarily comparable to similarly-titled measures presented by other companies.

Schedule D of this press release provides reconciliations of Acacia Communications’ most comparable GAAP financial measures to non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP research and development expenses, non-GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP income from operations, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and non-GAAP diluted EPS.

Acacia Communications believes that providing these non-GAAP financial measures to investors, in addition to providing the most directly comparable GAAP measures, provides investors the benefit of viewing the Company’s performance using the same financial metrics that its management team uses in making many key decisions and evaluating how its results of operations may look in the future. Acacia Communications’ management does not believe that items not involving cash expenditures, such as non-cash compensation related to equity awards and redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability changes derived from mark-to-market adjustments, are part of its critical decision making process. Also, Acacia Communications’ management does not believe that warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue are reflective of the Company’s underlying operating performance. Additionally, Acacia Communications’ management believes the impacts of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”), including the revaluation of its deferred tax assets and liabilities and the repatriation of accumulated foreign earnings, is a unique event that limits comparability with prior periods and does not accurately reflect the underlying performance of its continuing business operations for the period in which they were incurred. Therefore, Acacia Communications excludes those items, as applicable, from non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP research and development expenses, non-GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP income from operations, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate, non-GAAP diluted EPS, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA.

Acacia Communications’ non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the metrics described below, as well as the related income tax effects. The income tax effect of these non-GAAP adjustments is determined by recalculating income tax expense excluding these adjustments.

Non-GAAP gross profit and gross margin.    Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP gross profit as gross profit as reported on its consolidated income statements, excluding the impact of stock-based compensation, which is a non-cash charge, and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue. Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP gross margin as the non-GAAP gross profit divided by revenue as reported on its consolidated income statements.  Acacia Communications has presented non-GAAP gross profit and gross margin because the Company believes that the exclusion of stock-based compensation and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue facilitates comparisons of its results of operations to other companies in its industry.

Non-GAAP research and development expenses.    Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP research and development expenses as research and development expenses as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements, excluding the impact of stock-based compensation. Acacia Communications has presented non-GAAP research and development expenses because the Company believes that the exclusion of stock-based compensation facilitates comparisons of its results of operations to other companies in its industry.

Non-GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses.    Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses as sales, general and administrative expenses as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements, excluding the impact of stock-based compensation. Acacia Communications has presented non-GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses because the Company believes that the exclusion of stock-based compensation facilitates comparisons of its results of operations to other companies in its industry.

Non-GAAP operating expenses.    Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP operating expenses as operating expenses as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements, excluding the impact of stock-based compensation. Acacia Communications has presented non-GAAP operating expenses because the Company believes that the exclusion of stock-based compensation facilitates comparisons of its results of operations to other companies in its industry.

Non-GAAP income from operations.    Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP income from operations as income from operations as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements, excluding the impact of stock-based compensation and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue. Acacia Communications has presented non-GAAP income from operations because the Company believes that the exclusion of stock-based compensation and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue facilitates comparisons of its results of operations to other companies in its industry.

Non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate and non-GAAP diluted EPS.    Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP net income as net income (loss) as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements, excluding the impact of stock-based compensation and the change in fair value of the Company’s preferred stock warrant liability, both of which are non-cash charges, as well as warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue, and the tax effects of those excluded items. Additionally, the impacts of the Act have been excluded as it is a unique event that limits comparability with prior periods and does not accurately reflect the underlying performance of the Company's continuing business operations for the period in which they were incurred.

Acacia Communications defines non-GAAP effective tax rate as the non-GAAP (benefit) provision for income taxes divided by non-GAAP income before (benefit) provision for income taxes. Non-GAAP (benefit) provision for income taxes is defined as the provision (benefit) for income taxes as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements, as adjusted for the tax effects of excluding stock-based compensation expense, the change in fair value of the Company’s preferred stock warrant liability and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue, as well as the impact of the Act. Non-GAAP income before (benefit) provision for income taxes is defined as GAAP income before provision (benefit) for income taxes, excluding stock-based compensation expense, the change in fair value of the Company’s preferred stock warrant liability and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue.

In order to calculate non-GAAP diluted EPS, Acacia Communications uses a non-GAAP weighted-average share count. The Company defines non-GAAP weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP diluted EPS as GAAP weighted-average shares used to compute diluted earnings (loss) per share, adjusted to reflect the conversion of its redeemable convertible preferred stock into common stock and the conversion of its redeemable convertible preferred stock warrants into common stock warrants, both as if they had occurred at the beginning of the period. For periods in which there was a GAAP net loss resulting in GAAP diluted net loss per share, the impact of dilutive stock-based awards was added to the GAAP weighted-average share count to calculate the GAAP diluted earnings per share.

Acacia Communications has presented non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate and non-GAAP diluted EPS because the Company believes that the exclusion of the items discussed above facilitates comparisons of its results of operations to other companies in its industry and more accurately reflects the underlying performance of our continuing business operations.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.    Acacia Communications defines EBITDA as net income (loss) as reported on the Company’s consolidated income statements before depreciation, interest income, net, and its provision (benefit) for income taxes. Acacia Communications defines adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA excluding the impact of stock-based compensation, the change in fair value of the Company’s preferred stock warrant liability and warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue. Acacia Communications has presented adjusted EBITDA because it is a key measure used by its management and board of directors to understand and evaluate the Company’s operating performance, to establish budgets and to develop operational goals for managing its business. In particular, Acacia Communications believes that the exclusion of the amounts eliminated in calculating adjusted EBITDA can provide a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of its core operating performance.

Acacia Communications uses these non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate its operating performance and trends, and make planning decisions. Acacia Communications believes that each of these non-GAAP financial measures helps identify underlying trends in its business that could otherwise be masked by the effect of the items that the Company excludes. Accordingly, Acacia Communications believes that these financial measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating its operating results, enhancing the overall understanding of the Company’s past performance and future prospects, and allowing for greater transparency with respect to key financial metrics used by its management in its financial and operational decision-making.

Acacia Communications’ non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should not be considered in isolation of, or as an alternative to, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. There are a number of limitations related to the use of these non-GAAP financial measures rather than gross profit, gross margin, research and development expenses, sales, general and administrative expenses, operating expenses, income from operations, net income (loss), effective tax rate or diluted EPS, which are the most directly comparable GAAP measures. Some of these limitations are:

  • Acacia Communications excludes stock-based compensation expense from each of its non-GAAP financial measures, although it has recently been, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future, a significant recurring expense for its business and an important part of the Company’s compensation strategy;

  • Acacia Communications excludes the tax benefits generated from the exercise of non-qualified stock options, the disqualifying disposition of incentive stock options and ESPP shares, and the vesting of restricted stock units, including any excess tax benefits and shortfalls recognized by the Company in the year of the taxable transaction, in calculating its non-GAAP effective tax rate, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP diluted EPS. The Company believes that excluding these tax benefits enables investors to see the full effect that excluding stock-based compensation expense had on the operating results. These benefits are tied to the exercise or vesting of underlying employee equity awards and the price of our common stock at the time of exercise or vesting, which factors may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of the Company's business. Similar to stock-based compensation expense, the Company believes that excluding these tax benefits provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of its business operations and facilitates comparison with other periods as well as the results of other companies in its industry;

  • Acacia Communications excludes the change in fair value of its preferred stock warrant liability from its non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate, non-GAAP diluted EPS and adjusted EBITDA measures, as it has historically been a recurring non-cash charge but it has not recurred in the periods following the Company’s initial public offering;

  • Acacia Communications excludes warranty and other charges arising from a manufacturing process quality issue from its non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP income from operations, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate, non-GAAP diluted EPS and adjusted EBITDA measures, as management does not believe the charges are reflective of the Company’s underlying operating performance;

  • Non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP effective tax rate and non-GAAP diluted EPS do not reflect the impact of the Act, part of which is federal taxes incurred on the repatriation of accumulated foreign earnings which will be paid over an eight-year period;

  • EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA exclude depreciation expense and, although this is a non-cash expense, the assets being depreciated may have to be replaced in the future;

  • EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA do not reflect interest income, which increases cash available to the Company, as this income is not generated by the Company's core operations;

  • EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA do not reflect the provision (benefit) for income tax which may impact cash available to the Company; and

  • the expenses and other items that the Company excludes in its calculation of adjusted EBITDA may differ from the expenses and other items, if any, that other companies may exclude from adjusted EBITDA when they report their operating results.

Because of these limitations, non-GAAP financial measures should be considered along with other operating and financial performance measures presented in accordance with GAAP.

Acacia Communications’ use of non-GAAP financial measures, and the underlying methodology when excluding certain items, is not necessarily an indication of the results of operations that may be expected in the future, or that Acacia Communications will not, in fact, record such items in future periods.

Investors should consider Acacia Communications’ non-GAAP financial measures in conjunction with the corresponding GAAP financial measures.

About Acacia Communications

Acacia Communications develops, manufactures and sells high-speed coherent optical interconnect products that are designed to transform communications networks through improvements in performance, capacity and cost. By leveraging silicon technology to build optical interconnects, a process Acacia Communications refers to as the “siliconization of optical interconnect,” Acacia Communications is able to offer products at higher speeds and density with lower power consumption, that meet the needs of cloud and service providers and can be easily integrated in a cost-effective manner with existing network equipment. www.acacia-inc.com.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release includes statements concerning Acacia Communications and its future expectations, plans and prospects that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. For this purpose, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “may,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Acacia Communications has based these forward-looking statements largely on its current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that the Company believes may affect its business, financial condition and results of operations. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions including, without limitation, the Company’s anticipated growth strategies, its expectations regarding competition, the anticipated trends and challenges in its business and the market in which Acacia Communications operates, including those that may affect its customers and their demand for Acacia Communications’ products, its expectations regarding, and the stability and quality control of, its supply chain and manufacturing, the scope, progress, expansion and costs of developing and commercializing its products, the size and growth of the potential markets for its products and the ability to serve those markets, adverse litigation judgments, settlements or other litigation-related costs, including with respect to the pending purported securities class action and derivative lawsuits, regulatory developments in the United States and foreign countries, including under export control laws or regulations that could impede its ability to sell its products to customers in certain foreign jurisdictions, and other risks set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” in the Company’s public reports filed with the SEC, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 to be filed with the SEC and in other filings that the Company may make with the SEC in the future. Acacia Communications assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this press release as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 
SCHEDULE A
ACACIA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
  December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016  
ASSETS        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents $ 67,495     $ 206,402    
Marketable securities 211,933     104,004    
Accounts receivable 86,602     108,127    
Inventory 62,232     31,681    
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 18,817     12,076    
Deferred product costs 168     85    
Total current assets 447,247     462,375    
Marketable securities - long term 85,182        
Restricted cash     1,630    
Property and equipment, net 28,175     25,124    
Deferred tax asset 41,901     23,533    
Other assets 8,745     4,274    
Total assets $ 611,250     $ 516,936    
         
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY        
Current liabilities:        
Accounts payable $ 47,819     $ 49,430    
Accrued liabilities 37,234     29,863    
Deferred revenue 573     1,375    
Total current liabilities 85,626     80,668    
Income taxes payable 21,034        
Other long-term liabilities 2,540     1,473    
Total liabilities 109,200     82,141    
         
Stockholders’ equity:        
Common stock 4     4    
Additional paid-in capital 324,944     295,893    
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (320 )   (16 )  
Retained earnings 177,422     138,914    
Total stockholders’ equity 502,050     434,795    
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 611,250     $ 516,936    
                 


SCHEDULE B
ACACIA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended December 31,   Year Ended December 31,
  2017   2016   2017   2016
Revenue $ 86,603     $ 142,427     $ 385,166     $ 478,412  
Cost of revenue 46,587     74,098     217,326     257,425  
Gross profit 40,016     68,329     167,840     220,987  
Operating expenses:              
Research and development 24,430     19,528     92,027     75,696  
Sales, general and administrative 10,643     7,432     38,807     27,676  
Loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment     25     (47 )   25  
Total operating expenses 35,073     26,985     130,787     103,397  
Income from operations 4,943     41,344     37,053     117,590  
Other income (expense), net:              
Interest income, net 1,128     268     3,389     453  
Change in fair value of preferred stock warrant liability             (3,361 )
Other (expense) income (79 )   7     (139 )   (61 )
Total other income (expense), net 1,048     275     3,250     (2,969 )
Income before provision (benefit) for income taxes 5,991     41,619     40,303     114,621  
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 26,355     (22,874 )   1,795     (16,956 )
Net (loss) income $ (20,364 )   $ 64,493     $ 38,508     $ 131,577  
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock             (1,722 )
Undistributed earnings attributable to participating securities             (34,571 )
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders - basic and diluted $ (20,364 )   $ 64,493     $ 38,508     $ 95,284  
Net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders:              
Basic $ (0.52 )   $ 1.72     $ 0.99     $ 3.77  
Diluted $ (0.52 )   $ 1.55     $ 0.92     $ 3.22  
Weighted-average shares used to compute net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders:              
Basic 39,440     37,551     38,920     25,307  
Diluted 39,440     41,697     41,690     29,585  


 SCHEDULE C
ACACIA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 (in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
  Year Ended December 31,  
  2017   2016  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net income $ 38,508     $ 131,577    
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Depreciation 12,280     9,168    
(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment (47 )   25    
Stock-based compensation 23,373     20,745    
Deferred income taxes (18,368 )   (12,344 )  
Other non-cash charges 446     130    
Change in fair value of preferred stock warrant liability     3,361    
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:        
Accounts receivable 21,525     (66,867 )  
Inventory (30,551 )   (3,761 )  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (6,540 )   (10,921 )  
Deferred product costs (83 )   3,391    
Restricted cash 1,630     (1,630 )  
Other assets (4,535 )   (4,003 )  
Accounts payable (2,371 )   23,277    
Accrued liabilities 6,957     14,376    
Deferred revenue (548 )   (6,387 )  
Income taxes payable 21,034        
Other long-term liabilities 813     1,077    
Net cash provided by operating activities 63,523     101,214    
         
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:        
Purchases of property and equipment (14,112 )   (17,254 )  
Purchases of marketable securities (436,594 )   (118,676 )  
Sales and maturities of marketable securities 242,735     14,525    
Deposits 64     (86 )  
Net cash used in investing activities (207,907 )   (121,491 )  
         
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:        
Payment of capital lease obligation     (34 )  
Proceeds from public offerings, net of underwriting discounts and commissions     214,551    
Payment of public offering costs (201 )   (3,490 )  
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock under stock-based compensation plans 5,678     2,634    
Employee taxes paid related to net share settlement of restricted stock units     (14,592 )  
Net cash provided by financing activities 5,477     199,069    
         
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (138,907 )   178,792    
Cash and cash equivalents—Beginning of period 206,402     27,610    
Cash and cash equivalents—End of period $ 67,495     $ 206,402    
         
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:        
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds $ 1,465     $ 3,099    


SCHEDULE D
ACACIA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP MEASURES TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
 (in thousands, except for per share data)
(unaudited) 
 
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016
Non-GAAP Gross Profit, Non-GAAP Gross Profit Margin                    
GAAP gross profit   $ 40,016     $ 46,142     $ 68,329     $ 167,840     $ 220,987  
Stock-based compensation -  cost of revenue   524     518     433     1,993     1,629  
Warranty and other charges due to manufacturing process quality issue   (1,992 )   (739 )       5,090      
Non-GAAP gross profit   $ 38,548     $ 45,921     $ 68,762     $ 174,923     $ 222,616  
GAAP gross margin   46.2 %   43.9 %   48.0 %   43.6 %   46.2 %
Non-GAAP gross margin   44.5 %   43.7 %   48.3 %   45.4 %   46.5 %
                     
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016
Non-GAAP R&D Expenses                    
GAAP research and development expenses   $ 24,430     $ 27,135     $ 19,528     $ 92,027     $ 75,696  
Stock-based compensation   3,634     3,743     2,987     14,150     12,347  
Non-GAAP research and development expenses   $ 20,796     $ 23,392     $ 16,541     $ 77,877     $ 63,349  
                     
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016
Non-GAAP SG&A Expenses                    
GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses   $ 10,643     $ 10,105     $ 7,432     $ 38,807     $ 27,676  
Stock-based compensation   2,053     2,159     1,189     7,230     6,769  
Non-GAAP sales, general and administrative expenses   $ 8,590     $ 7,946     $ 6,243     $ 31,577     $ 20,907  
                     
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016
Non-GAAP Operating Expenses                    
GAAP operating expenses   $ 35,073     $ 37,240     $ 26,985     $ 130,787     $ 103,397  
Stock-based compensation   5,687     5,902     4,176     21,380     19,116  
Non-GAAP operating expenses   $ 29,386     $ 31,338     $ 22,809     $ 109,407     $ 84,281  
                     
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016
Non-GAAP Income from Operations                    
GAAP income from operations   $ 4,943     $ 8,902     $ 41,344     $ 37,053     $ 117,590  
Stock-based compensation   6,211     6,420     4,609     23,373     20,745  
Warranty and other charges due to manufacturing process quality issue   (1,992 )   (739 )       5,090      
Non-GAAP income from operations   $ 9,162     $ 14,583     $ 45,953     $ 65,516     $ 138,335  
                     

 

 SCHEDULE D (Cont.)
ACACIA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP MEASURES TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
 (in thousands, except for per share data)
(unaudited) 
 
   
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,  
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016  
Non-GAAP Net Income                      
GAAP net (loss) income   $ (20,364 )   $ 18,499     $ 64,493     $ 38,508     $ 131,577    
Stock-based compensation   6,211     6,420     4,609     23,373     20,745    
Change in fair value of preferred stock warrant liability                   3,361    
Warranty and other charges due to manufacturing process quality issue   (1,992 )   (739 )       5,090        
Tax effect of excluded items   (4,148 )   (5,062 )   (30,109 )   (25,295 )   (32,324 )  
Impact of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act(1)   31,425             31,425        
Non-GAAP net income   $ 11,132     $ 19,118     $ 38,993     $ 73,101     $ 123,359    
                       
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,  
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016  
Non-GAAP Effective Tax Rate                      
GAAP effective tax rate   439.9 %   (87.4 )%   (55.0 )%   4.5 %   (14.8 )%  
Tax effect of excluded items   (141.2 )%   64.5 %   70.7 %   34.9 %   25.9 %  
Impact of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act(1)   (307.7 )%   %   %   (45.7 )%   %  
Non-GAAP effective tax rate   (9.0 )%   (22.9 )%   15.7 %   (6.3 )%   11.1 %  
                       
(1) During the quarter ended December 31, 2017, we recorded provisional tax amounts for the one-time transition tax and state taxes on the accumulated earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries and the re-measurement of certain deferred tax assets and liabilities as a result of the enactment of the Act. Our accounting for these tax effects will be completed during the one-year measurement period allowed under Staff Accounting Bulletin 118.  
                       
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,  
    Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016  
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA                      
GAAP net (loss) income   $ (20,364 )   $ 18,499     $ 64,493     $ 38,508     $ 131,577    
Depreciation   3,179     3,260     2,632     12,280     9,168    
Interest income, net   (1,128 )   (990 )   (268 )   (3,389 )   (453 )  
Provision (benefit) for income taxes   26,355     (8,628 )   (22,874 )   1,795     (16,956 )  
EBITDA   8,042     12,141     43,983     49,194     123,336    
Stock-based compensation   6,211     6,420     4,609     23,373     20,745    
Change in fair value of preferred stock warrant liability                   3,361    
Warranty and other charges due to manufacturing process quality issue   (1,992 )   (739 )       5,090        
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 12,261     $ 17,822     $ 48,592     $ 77,657     $ 147,442    
                                           


SCHEDULE D (Cont.)
ACACIA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP MEASURES TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
 (in thousands, except for per share data)
(unaudited)
    Three Months Ended   Year Ended December 31,
Non-GAAP Diluted EPS   Q4 2017   Q3 2017   Q4 2016   2017   2016
GAAP diluted net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders   $ (0.52 )   $ 0.44     $ 1.55     $ 0.92     $ 3.22  
Accretion to redemption value and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities                   0.24  
Stock-based compensation   0.16     0.16     0.11     0.56     0.70  
Change in fair value of preferred stock warrant liability                   0.11  
Warranty and other charges due to manufacturing process quality issue   (0.05 )   (0.02 )       0.12      
Tax effect of excluded items   (0.11 )   (0.12 )   (0.72 )   (0.61 )   (1.09 )
Impact of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act   0.81             0.76      
Dilutive stock-based awards   (0.02 )                
Non-GAAP diluted EPS   $ 0.27     $ 0.46     $ 0.94     $ 1.75     $ 3.18  
                     
Weighted-average shares used to compute GAAP diluted net (loss) income per share attributable to common stockholders   39,440     41,757     41,697     41,690     29,585  
Adjustment for conversion of preferred stock                   9,182  
Dilutive stock-based awards   2,284                  
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP diluted EPS   41,724     41,757     41,697     41,690     38,767  
                               

SOURCE Acacia Communications, Inc.

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